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CEREJON COAL MINE

Cerrejón is a field or coal mine, located in the basin of the Ranchería River, southeast of La Guajira Department in Colombia, east of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and west of the Perijá Mountains, in line with the border with Venezuela. It is an open-pit mine, and is one of the largest mines of that type. The mine extends over 69,000 hectares (170,000 acres). It is possible to visit the coal mine and lean about their mining processes.

URUMITA

The municipality of Urumita is located on the Serranía del Perijá mountain range with part of its territory covering the valley of the Cesar River towards the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish colonizers the area of Urumita was inhabied by indigenous peoples pertaining to the Chimilas. At the time of the Spanish arrival in the early 16th Century, the area was governed by a Cacique named Uruma. After a period of conquest and colonization by the Spanish, on October 3, 1785 Juan Bautista Canalete founded the village of Urumita.

Urumita was a conservative stronghold, in the Thousand Days' War. The population settled at the foot of the eastern mountain range - the Serrania de Perija which is home to various waterfalls.

Touristic sites

The botanical gardens and natural gardens, the church, the Cerro Pintao, the Ollita, some of the most beautiful Squares in the southern La Guajira due to its colorful gardens.

VILLANUEVA

The municipality of Villanueva is located in the southern region of the Department of La Guajira within the valley of the Cesar River, between the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountains and the Serranía del Perijá which Villanueva borders. Villanueva is known in Colombia for being the cradle of many vallenato singers and composers. The economy of the town relies heavily on agriculture and farming.

Villanueva celebrates in the month of September the Cradle of Accordions Festival, a vallenato musical contest as well as a religious celebration in honor of Saint Thomas. The festival was declared "Cultural and Artistic Heritage of the Nation" by the Congress of the Republic, to ensure the preservation, conservation, promotion and dissemination of vallenato music.

In the Indian Museum you can see several pre-Columbian pieces of Iroto, Cayaimaso and Cara Chile cultures.

Turistic Sites

Villanueva has abundant natural sites, with spas with cold and crystalline waters such as the hidden castle, La Ceiba, the house of culture, archaeological museum, well of the three walls, the well of the snake, Cerro Pintao, etc.

LA JAGUA DEL PILAR

The area of the present-day municipality of La Jagua del Pilar was populated by indigenous peoples pertaining to the Wayuu and Wiwas ethnic groups. During the period of Independence from Spain the area was a farm owned by María de la Concepción Loperena Ustariz, from Valledupar, one of the few women who supported the independence movement of Simón Bolívar. Loperena donated more than a hundred horses to the Patriot army. She also donated her state to build a new settlement which was named "La Jagua del Pedregal". The new settlement was established by Don Manuel José Fernández de Castro and Don Bartolo Ustariz on October 12, 1795. The name was later changed to La jagua del Pilar to honor Virgin Mary, Our Lady of the Pillar.

SAN JUAN DEL CESAR

San Juan Bautista del Cesar name in English: John the Baptist and Chet-tzar or Sasare indigenous language for calm water, the name of the Cesar River. The region San Juan del Cesar was inhabited by Arhuacos indigenous tribe, led during that time by a Cacique named "Marocazo". It was founded on June 24, 1701 by Captain Salvador Felix Arias Pereira with the name of Villa of San Juan Bautista, over Mount Yiyirigak by the Cesar River. Arias-Pereira was in a mission to "pacify" the indigenous tribes in rebellion; the Tupes, Coyaimas, Conopans and Marocazos.

Ermita del Rosario

La Ermita del Rosario was declared in 2008 patrimony of the Sanjuaneros. There have been importnat statues and pictures since the colonial times.

Ecological ParK

The Ecological Park is located on the left bank of the river Cesar, is an attractive park where you can breathe fresh air due to its large shady native trees.

Balneario Pozo del Totumo

you can take a refreshing bath in the Balneario Pozo del Totumo.